Psilocybe Cubensis (aka solo), a common mushroom found in North America, Europe, and Asia, is now becoming popular as a natural remedy for some common diseases. Also known as magic mushrooms or psilocybe fungi, it is a member of the mushroomserythridae family of fungi. Commonly referred to as golden mushrooms, shrubs, magic halos, mushrooms, or golden caps, it belongs to theomycete group of fungi. It is the third most common psilocybe in the world, following only Penicillium and Aspergillus. The psilocybe contains two essential chemicals that have proven to have significant medicinal value: psilocyn and psilocybine.
The psilocybe Cubensis contains psilocybeins that are in three different phases of growth. Each has three grams of dry material. Shrubs contain five grams of dry material; golden mushrooms contain eight grams; and black or red mushrooms contain 12 grams. The psilocybe can grow on any type of Mushroom, including: shrubs, conifers, and eriellicola.
All members of the mushroomserythral group belong to the fungi Clostridial species, with the exception of the cicutreus species. The psilocybe cubensis contains two types of mycelium: mycelium that is attached to the stems or leaves and mycelium that is not attached. The mycelium that is attached to the plant stems grows at a rapid rate, while the mycelium that is not attached grows slowly. The psilocybe attaches itself to the leaves of the conifers, stems, and bark of the pines and spruces respectively. Spores of psilocybe are white in color and contain numerous colorless and white colored cells that appear to be colloidal in structure. Most of these spores have been described as having a gelatinous appearance.
In order to identify this species accurately and scientifically, one needs to study it under the microscope. Under the right conditions, this species does in fact contain psilocybe acid and psilocybine, which are the active components. It is therefore interesting to note that the psilocybe Cubensis has been used in the field of anthropology and pharmacology as a cure for anxiety and curing of certain disorders like hysteria and schizophrenia. These clinical studies also revealed that the psilocybe contains alkaloids, which act as neurotransmitters and tranquilizers. The Cubensis species has also been used extensively in the field of dentistry where it is used in toothpaste due to the fact that it improves visual acuity, eliminates plaque, and helps to stain teeth yellow.
It has been reported that the psilocybe isolates have 50% of pure psilocybein and the rest are missing. There is also a strain which belongs to a different genus and is said to be a rare type of psilocybe. This latter species has been found growing naturally in Germany, Mold, Switzerland, and Turkey. The most recent studies show that this new species can be differentiated from psilocybe rubella and psilocybe meyenii by electron microscopy.
All the psilocybe strains are said to contain five to eight different colored meansies and brown rings, which are collectively referred to as the “black rings”. The brownish blue meanies are the most important meansies of this species. All other colors are less prevalent than they are in the panaeolus species. The most favored meansies appear as a creamy or whitish color. The Panaeolus sylvestris has the highest percentage of the highest valued carotenoids which include lutein, lycopene, quercetin, lutein, and tangeretin, while all other species are deficient in these carotenoids.
The psilocybe species have been found growing abundantly in the woods of North America, particularly in dry and mountainous areas. They usually grow in dense cover such as oaks, junipers, maples, Pinoleum, redwood, cedar, firs, and spruces. A lot of the mushrooms are found growing in coniferous forests such as oaks, pine trees, maples, Pinoleum, Sequoia, and redwoods. In addition, mushrooms from the Rocky Mountains are also very popular. They generally grow in hills regions, mountains, and forests.
Most mushrooms are pungently colored when fresh but may acquire different shades or colors as they age. For example, some species will become paler or grey in their coloration as they age. Some species will simply change the color of their fruiting temperature as they age, thus changing the mycelium’s growth rate from fast to slow. The slower mycelium growth rate results in a larger, slower-moving, and somewhat weaker casing layer. This slower growth rate is also what contributes to making the psilocybe cubensis tougher to find as well as to keep contained once they’re gathered.